QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA)
Often used interchangeably with quality control (QC), it is a wider concept that covers all policies and systematic activities implemented within a quality system. QA frameworks include (1) determination of adequate technical requirement of inputs and outputs, (2) certification and rating of suppliers, (3) testing of procured material for its conformance to established quality, performance, safety, and reliability standards, (4) proper receipt, storage, and issue of material, (5) audit of the process quality, (6) evaluation of the process to establish required corrective response, and (7) audit of the final output for conformance to (a) technical (b) reliability, (c) maintainability, and (d) performance requirements.
QUALITY CONTROL (QC)
Quality control determines the satisfaction of customers which is practically one of the goals of every manufacturing industry. It is the job of the quality control team to ensure that standard specifications and requirements are met by the product.
- In every manufacturing process, quality control is very important. In fact, it is one of the most important aspects of manufacturing. After all, this determines the success of the manufacturing process. Quality control is the process of ensuring the quality of a product. The least requirements that quality control should meet are the minimum requirements and specifications of a product. However, it is also necessary that the product is satisfactory, dependable, and fiscally sound. In order to ensure that products meet the standard requirements and are satisfactory, a thorough examination of these products is done. Whenever there are problems identified, the production of such products are temporarily stopped until such time that these problems are rectified.
- The process of quality control does not start and end with the finished product, but rather starts as soon as the production process begins. Here are the various stages in which quality control is observed: